Indigenous Perspectives Framework
The Primary Connections Indigenous Perspectives Framework was originally developed between 2007 and 2009 in collaboration with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups, cultural consultants, Indigenous education and linguistic experts and other stakeholders with funding from the Department of Education and Training, formerly the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations.
The framework was based on national research findings on Indigenous education in Australia. Primary Connections gratefully acknowledges the contributions of those involved in the development of the Framework.
The framework was developed to support the inclusion of Indigenous perspectives in Primary Connections prior to the development and release of a national Curriculum by the Australian Curriculum Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA).
The overarching purpose of the framework is to support enhanced science and literacy learning for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students, and to increase non-Indigenous students’ and teachers’ awareness and understanding of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander perspectives in science.
Since the release of the Australian Curriculum: Science, this is now addressed through the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures priority (opens in new window), represented in the conceptual framework below.
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures priority states that it provides opportunities for all students “to engage in reconciliation, respect and recognition of the world’s oldest continuous living cultures.”
The F–10 Australian Curriculum overview states that the Cross-curriculum priorities “are not separate subjects in themselves; they are addressed through learning area content, where appropriate, and identified by icons”. In the Science Learning Area curriculum it states that:
“Students will have opportunities to learn that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have longstanding scientific knowledge traditions and have developed knowledge about the world by:
- observation, using all the senses
- prediction and hypothesis
- testing (trial and error)
- making generalisations within specific contexts such as the use of food, natural materials, navigation and sustainability of the environment.”
The Primary Connections curriculum resources provide links to relevant opportunities to include Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures, and these are identified in the resources with the icon.
The Primary Connections Indigenous Perspectives Framework (shown below) is underpinned by six organising ideas. Additional information and ideas for teachers, as well as links to relevant national, state and territory guidelines and resources can be found by clicking on the seven buttons in the graphic below.
Click on each of the organising ideas and the central button in the image below to access information, ideas and links to resources.
- Cultural diversity
- Relationships and partnerships
- Quality teaching and learning
- Students' worldviews
- Teachers' worldviews
View our Connecting Minds videos and listen to teachers and Aboriginal and Islander Education Officers yarn about the framework for including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures in the curriculum.
The Connecting Minds videos are designed to support teachers to develop learning plans that link science with literacy and with relevant Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures. Click here to access the research report ‘Small Study - Big Success Story: PrimaryConnections Incorporating Indigenous Perspectives Pilot Study’ (PDF - opens in a new window).